IT and Computer Science Overview

Why do we study Computer Science? 

Computing Science is changing the world. It is an exciting discipline which is rapidly evolving, driving innovation. Computing Science is radically changing every area of our society. More and more of the everyday devices we use rely on Computing Science to function. These devices have had enormous impact on the way we live, work and socialise. Understanding computer science is part of the necessary skill set for an academically well-rounded person in today’s world. 

Computing is intellectually stimulating and challenging. It requires clear logical thinking, problem solving, imagination, creativity, working independently and as part of a team, sound organisational skills and good management skills. These are transferable skills, highly valued in any profession. Understanding computational processes and thinking is vital to many fields including science, economics, business and industry. 


Following the national curriculum for KS2 computing, pupils will be taught how to:  

  • Design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals.  
  • Use sequence, selection and repetition in programs.  
  • Detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs.  
  • Understand computer networks and how they provide multiple services.  
  • Use search technologies.  
  • Select, use and combine a variety of software on a range of digital devices.  
  • Use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly. 

Why do KS2 Students Need to Learn Computing?  

Computing is deeply linked to Maths, Science and Design and Technology which means KS2 students can develop their knowledge in these core areas.  

By learning and participating in computing lessons, students will learn the core principles of digital systems and how to put this knowledge into practice through programming.  

Computing is also important for KS2 students to know so they become digitally literate and are able to express themselves through information and communication technology, in a respectful and responsible manner. They will learn how to be safe online through online safety lessons so they can be ready for the future workplace and become active participants in the digital world. Use our handy Teaching Wiki to find out more about the importance of computer literacy. 


A high-quality computing education equips pupils to use computational thinking and creativity to understand and change the world. Computing has deep links with mathematics, science, and design and technology, and provides insights into both natural and artificial systems. The core of computing is computer science, in which pupils are taught the principles of information and computation, how digital systems work, and how to put this knowledge to use through programming. Building on this knowledge and understanding, pupils are equipped to use information technology to create programs, systems and a range of content. Computing also ensures that pupils become digitally literate – able to use, and express themselves and develop their ideas through, information and communication technology – at a level suitable for the future workplace and as active participants in a digital world. 

The National Curriculum for Computer Science aims to ensure that all pupils: 

  • Can understand and apply the fundamental principles and concepts of computer science, including abstraction, logic, algorithms and data representation. 
  • Can analyse problems in computational terms, and have repeated practical experience of writing computer programs in order to solve such problems. 
  • Can evaluate and apply information technology, including new or unfamiliar technologies, analytically to solve problems. 
  • Are responsible, competent, confident and creative users of information and communication technology.